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美国预修改伊核协议中的缺陷 时间:2017-10-19 13:51:45

美国国务卿蒂勒森星期天表示,伊朗从“技术上讲遵守了”针对遏制其核武器发展的国际协议。但他说,川普总统希望国会采取“更完善的战略”来解决美国领导人所认为的这一协议存在的缺陷。

蒂勒森告诉CNN说,德黑兰对于2015年签订的协议“正显示出触碰上限的做法”,这导致川普总统星期五不再认定德黑兰遵守核协议,并让国会做出决定,是否重启美国在伊朗与六方签订核协议之前对伊朗的经济制裁。这六方是美国、法国、英国、德国,俄罗斯和中国。

蒂勒森说,川普希望国会能以另一个协议的形式解决目前核协议中的“一些漏洞”,并解决伊朗在中东的军事攻击和“破坏稳定”的活动所造成的“更广泛的威胁” 。蒂勒森说,伊朗的弹道导弹试验尽管没有被核条约禁止,但是需要加以遏制,也需要更明确地对其核计划进行限制。他说,目前的条约只是“简单地推迟”对伊朗核野心的评估。

蒂勒森说,美国国会在考虑是否采取新的制裁措施的同时,美国和协议的其他签署国要“全面执行协议”。

美国驻联合国大使黑利对美国媒体说:“我想现在你们将会看到我们继续留在这个协议中,因为我们所希望的是可以改善状况,这就是目标。我认为现在我们留在协议中是要看看如何能够做得更好,而非离开这一协议。我们只是希望情况好转,让美国人感觉更安全。“

目前其他五个签约国以及欧盟还没有表示支持川普总统对这一协议的立场。

U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson conceded Sunday that Iran is in "technical compliance" with the international agreement to curb its nuclear weapons development, but said that President Donald Trump wants Congress to adopt "a more complete strategy" to fix what the U.S. leader sees as flaws in the pact.

The top U.S. diplomat told CNN that Tehran has a "demonstrated practice of walking right up to the limits" of the 2015 deal, prompting Trump on Friday to decertify that Iran was in compliance and leaving it up to Congress whether to reimpose economic sanctions that were in place before the U.S., the European Union, France, Britain, Germany, Russia and China reached the accord with Iran.

Tillerson said Trump wants Congress, perhaps in a separate deal, to fix "a number of weaknesses" in the nuclear agreement, and address "a much broader list of threats" Iran poses with its military aggression and "destabilizing activities" in the Middle East. Tillerson said Iran's ballistic missile tests, not banned by the nuclear pact, need to be curbed and a more definitive ban imposed on its nuclear program. He said the current pact "simply postpones the reckoning" over Iran's nuclear ambitions.

In the meantime, while Congress considers whether to adopt new sanctions, Tillerson said the U.S. and the other international signatories need to "fully enforce the agreement."

Nikki Haley, the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, told NBC, "I think right now you are going to see us stay in the deal, because what we hope is that we can improve the situation, and that's the goal. So I think right now, we're in the deal to see how we can make it better, and that's the goal. It's not that we're getting out of the deal. We're just trying to make the situation better so that the American people feel safer.”

None of the five nations or the EU that reached the deal with Iran has agreed with Trump's stance against it.